Situated in the northwestern part of South America, Colombia is made up of five main regions including, the Andes mountain ranges, the Pacific Ocean coastal region, the Caribbean Sea coastal region, the Amazon rain forest region and the Llanos (plains). This has contributed to the diversification of Colombian culture. Moreover, urbanization and globalization have also significantly changed the way of living in Colombia.
Spanish culture has immensely influenced the Colombian culture. It introduced Catholicism, feudal encomienda system, African slavery and a system that favored the whites. The Black people mingled with the indigenous Colombia people. This produced a mix of cultures. When the Republic of Colombia was established, Colombians realized a number of benefits, including slavery ban and industrialization. Here are some of them.
Colombia boasts various forms of art from ancient paintings and sculptures to modern-day films and theater. Colombia has produced famous artists such as Fernando Botero and Alejandro Obregon. Pottery, gold work and stonework were an integral part of their sculpture. The Colombian paintings were dominated by the colonial, the Republican and the Baroque periods. Paintings during the colonial period were based on medieval and renaissance styles. Mexican murals significantly influenced the Colombian art during the 20th century, producing internationally renowned artists, such as Omar Rayo.
During the colonial period, Colombian literature focused on religion with most expressions involving Spanish influences. Literature of the period after independence relied on political thoughts. During the 19th and the 20th centuries, the Colombian literature began to embrace peasant life. The modern literature is characterized by mystery. Children’s literature consisting of folk tales and nursery rhymes also form an integral part of the Colombian literature.
The Colombian culture consists of a wide range of music genres. The special events in the life of a common man are often accompanied by song and dance. Cumbia, one of the best Colombian music genres blends the Spanish music with the African music. While Salsa was born in Cuba and Puerto Rica, it grew popular in Colombia. The modern Colombian music includes pop, rock and hip-hop rock music.
The Colombia Constitution grants freedom of religion to citizens. While Catholicism was the official religion in Colombia before 1991, Colombian culture has accepted the freedom of religion.
The Colombian food is an actual reflection of the European cooking style. The favorite dish of most Colombians is Fritanga that consists of grilled beef, ribs, chicken and sausage with potatoes. Meat and tubers form the staple Colombian food. The Colombian climate is conducive for the growth of many crops and fruits.
The carnivals held on many occasions form an important part of the Colombian festivities. Popular Colombian fiestas include Cali Fair, The Flowers Fair and Rock at the park.
The diversity of Colombian people reflects the history and the diverse nature of the Colombian culture. Their diverse population is made up of the Amerindians, Asians and Africans. With the each passing time the Colombian population has increased with respect to education and overall development.